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Saturday, April 08, 2006

Hazardous substance Fact Sheet

Hazardous substance Fact Sheet

Common Name: ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL

CAS Number: 67-63-0 DOT Number: UN 1219

HAZARD SUMMARY

  1. Isopropyl Alcohol can affect you when breathed in and by passing through your skin.
  2. Contact can irritate and burn the skin and eyes. Repeated skin exposure can cause itching, redness, rash, drying and cracking.
  3. Breathing Isopropyl Alcohol can irritate the nose and throat.
  4. Overexposure can cause headache, drowsiness, confusion, loss of coordination, unconsciousness and death.
  5. Isopropyl Alcohol may affect the liver and kidneys.Isopropyl Alcohol is a FLAMMABLE LIQUID and a FIRE HAZARD.

IDENTIFICATION

Isopropyl Alcohol is a colorless liquid. It is used as a solvent and in making many commercial products. Rubbing Alcohol is a solution containing Isopropyl Alcohol.

REASON FOR CITATION

  1. Isopropyl Alcohol is on the Hazardous Substance List because it is regulated by OSHA and cited by ACGIH, DOT, NIOSH, DEP, NFPA and EPA.
  2. This chemical is on the Special Health Hazard Substance List because it is FLAMMABLE.
  3. Definitions are provided.

HOW TO DETERMINE IF YOU ARE BEING EXPOSED

The New Jersey Right to Know Act requires most employers to label chemicals in the workplace and requires public employers to provide their employees with information and training concerning chemical hazards and controls. The federal OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, 1910.1200, requires private employers to provide similar training and information to their employees.

Exposure to hazardous substances should be routinely evaluated. This may include collecting personal and area air samples. You can obtain copies of sampling results from your employer. You have a legal right to this information under OSHA 1910.1020.

RTK Substance number: 1076 Date: January 1997 Revision: June 2003

  1. If you think you are experiencing any work-related health problems, see a doctor trained to recognize occupational diseases. Take this Fact Sheet with you.
  2. ODOR THRESHOLD = 37 to 610 ppm.
  3. The range of accepted odor threshold values is quite broad. Caution should be used in relying on odor alone as a warning of potentially hazardous exposures.

WORKPLACE EXPOSURE LIMITS

OSHA:The legal airborne permissible exposure limit (PEL) is 400 ppm averaged over an 8-hour workshift.
NIOSH:The recommended airborne exposure limit is 400 ppm averaged over a 10-hour workshift and 500 ppm, not to be exceeded during any 15 minute work period.
ACGIH:The recommended airborne exposure limit is 200 ppm averaged over an 8-hour workshift and 400 ppm as a STEL (short-term exposure limit).
* The above exposure limits are for air levels only. When skin contact also occurs, you may be overexposed, even though air levels are less than the limits listed above.

WAYS OF REDUCING EXPOSURE

  1. Where possible, enclose operations and use local exhaust ventilation at the site of chemical release. If local exhaust ventilation or enclosure is not used, respirators should be worn.
  2. Wear protective work clothing.
  3. Wash thoroughly immediately after exposure to Isopropyl Alcohol and at the end of the workshift.
  4. Post hazard and warning information in the work area. In addition, as part of an ongoing education and training effort, communicate all information on the health and safety hazards of Isopropyl Alcohol to potentially exposed workers.

This Fact Sheet is a summary source of information of all potential and most severe health hazards that may result from exposure. Duration of exposure, concentration of the substance and other factors will affect your susceptibility to any of the potential effects described below.

HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

Acute Health Effects

The following acute (short-term) health effects may occur immediately or shortly after exposure to Isopropyl Alcohol:

  1. Contact can irritate and burn the skin and eyes.
  2. Breathing Isopropyl Alcohol can irritate the nose and throat.
  3. Overexposure can cause headache, drowsiness, confusion, loss of coordination, unconsciousness and death.

Chronic Health Effects

The following chronic (long-term) health effects can occur at some time after exposure to Isopropyl Alcohol and can last for months or years:

Cancer Hazard

  • There is no evidence that Isopropyl Alcohol causes cancer in animals. This is based on test results presently available to the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services from published studies.

Reproductive Hazard

  • There is no evidence that Isopropyl Alcohol affects reproduction. This is based on test results presently available to the New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services from published studies.

Other Long-Term Effects

  1. Repeated skin exposure can cause itching, redness, rash, drying and cracking.
  2. This chemical has not been adequately evaluated to determine whether brain or other nerve damage could occur with repeated exposure. However, many solvents and other petroleum-based chemicals have been shown to cause such damage. Effects may include reduced memory and concentration, personality changes (withdrawal, irritability), fatigue, sleep disturbances, reduced coordination, and/or effects on nerves supplying internal organs (autonomic nerves) and/or nerves to the arms and legs (weakness, "pins and needles").
  3. Isopropyl Alcohol may affect the liver and kidneys.

MEDICAL

Medical Testing

If symptoms develop or overexposure is suspected, the following are recommended:

  1. Liver and kidney function tests.
  2. Evaluate for brain effects such as changes in memory, concentration, sleeping patterns and mood (especially irritability and social withdrawal), as well as headaches and fatigue. Consider evaluations of the cerebellar, autonomic and peripheral nervous systems. Positive and borderline individuals should be referred for neuropsychological testing.

Any evaluation should include a careful history of past and present symptoms with an exam. Medical tests that look for damage already done are not a substitute for controlling exposure.

Request copies of your medical testing. You have a legal right to this information under OSHA 1910.1020.

Mixed Exposures

  • Because more than light alcohol consumption can cause liver damage, drinking alcohol may increase the liver damage caused by Isopropyl Alcohol.

WORKPLACE CONTROLS AND PRACTICES

Unless a less toxic chemical can be substituted for a hazardous substance, ENGINEERINGCONTROLS are the most effective way of reducing exposure. The best protection is to enclose operations and/or provide local exhaust ventilation at the site of chemical release. Isolating operations can also reduce exposure. Using respirators or protective equipment is less effective than the controls mentioned above, but is sometimes necessary.

In evaluating the controls present in your workplace, consider:

  1. How hazardous the substance is,
  2. How much of the substance is released into the workplace and
  3. Whether harmful skin or eye contact could occur.

Special controls should be in place for highly toxic chemicals or when significant skin, eye, or breathing exposures are possible.

In addition, the following controls are recommended:

  1. Where possible, automatically pump liquid Isopropyl Alcohol from drums or other storage containers to process containers.
  2. Before entering a confined space where Isopropyl Alcohol may be present, check to make sure that an explosive concentration does not exist. Good WORK PRACTICES can help to reduce hazardous exposures. The following work practices are recommended:
  3. Workers whose clothing has been contaminated by Isopropyl Alcohol should change into clean clothing promptly.
  4. Contaminated work clothes should be laundered by individuals who have been informed of the hazards of exposure to Isopropyl Alcohol.
  5. Eye wash fountains should be provided in the immediate work area for emergency use.
  6. If there is the possibility of skin exposure, emergency shower facilities should be provided.
  7. On skin contact with Isopropyl Alcohol, immediately wash or shower to remove the chemical. At the end of the workshift, wash any areas of the body that may have contacted Isopropyl Alcohol, whether or not known skin contact has occurred.
  8. Do not eat, smoke, or drink where Isopropyl Alcohol is handled, processed, or stored, since the chemical can be swallowed. Wash hands carefully before eating, drinking, applying cosmetics, smoking, or using the toilet.

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

  1. WORKPLACE CONTROLS ARE BETTER THAN PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT. However, for some jobs (such as outside work, confined space entry, jobs done only once in a while, or jobs done while workplace controls are being installed), personal protective equipment may be appropriate.
  2. OSHA 1910.132 requires employers to determine the appropriate personal protective equipment for each hazard and to train employees on how and when to use protective equipment.
  3. The following recommendations are only guidelines and may not apply to every situation.

Clothing

  1. Avoid skin contact with Isopropyl Alcohol. Wear protective gloves and clothing. Safety equipment suppliers/manufacturers can provide recommendations on the most protective glove/clothing material for your operation.
  2. All protective clothing (suits, gloves, footwear, headgear) should be clean, available each day, and put on before work.
  3. Safety equipment manufacturers recommend Neoprene and Nitrile Rubber as protective materials.

Eye Protection

  1. Wear indirect-vent, impact and splash resistant goggles when working with liquids.
  2. Wear a face shield along with goggles when working with corrosive, highly irritating or toxic substances. Respiratory Protection IMPROPER USE OF RESPIRATORS IS DANGEROUS. Such equipment should only be used if the employer has a written program that takes into account workplace conditions, requirements for worker training, respirator fit testing and medical exams, as described in OSHA 1910.134.
  3. Where the potential exists for exposure over 200 ppm, use a NIOSH approved full facepiece respirator with an organic vapor cartridge. Increased protection is obtained from full facepiece powered-air purifying respirators.
  4. If while wearing a filter or cartridge respirator you can smell, taste, or otherwise detect Isopropyl Alcohol, or if while wearing particulate filters abnormal resistance to breathing is experienced, or eye irritation occurs while wearing a full facepiece respirator, leave the area immediately. Check to make sure the respirator-to-face seal is still good. If it is, replace the filter or cartridge. If the seal is no longer good, you may need a new respirator.
  5. Be sure to consider all potential exposures in your workplace. You may need a combination of filters, prefilters or cartridges to protect against different forms of a chemical (such as vapor and mist) or against a mixture of chemicals.
  6. Where the potential for high exposure exists, use a NIOSH approved supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode. For increased protection use in combination with an auxiliary self-contained breathing apparatus operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode.
  7. Exposure to 2,000 ppm is immediately dangerous to life and health. If the possibility of exposure above 2,000 ppm exists, use a NIOSH approved self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode.

HANDLING AND STORAGE

  1. Prior to working with Isopropyl Alcohol you should be trained on its proper handling and storage.
  2. Isopropyl Alcohol is not compatible with OXIDIZING AGENTS (such as PERCHLORATES, PEROXIDES, PERMANGANATES, CHLORATES, NITRATES, CHLORINE, BROMINE and FLUORINE); STRONG ACIDS (such as HYDROCHLORIC, SULFURIC and NITRIC); HALOGENS; ALUMINUM; ACID ANHYDRIDES; ETHYLENE OXIDE; ACETALDE-HYDE; and ISOCYANATES.
  3. Store in tightly closed containers in a cool, well-ventilated area away from METALS and COMBUSTIBLES.
  4. Sources of ignition, such as smoking and open flames, are prohibited where Isopropyl Alcohol is used, handled, or stored.
  5. Metal containers involving the transfer of Isopropyl Alcohol should be grounded and bonded.
  6. Use only non-sparking tools and equipment, especially when opening and closing containers of Isopropyl Alcohol.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Q: If I have acute health effects, will I later get chronic health effects?
A: Not always. Most chronic (long-term) effects result from repeated exposures to a chemical.

Q: Can I get long-term effects without ever having short-term effects?
A: Yes, because long-term effects can occur from repeated exposures to a chemical at levels not high enough to make you immediately sick.

Q: What are my chances of getting sick when I have been exposed to chemicals?
A: The likelihood of becoming sick from chemicals is increased as the amount of exposure increases. This is determined by the length of time and the amount of material to which someone is exposed.

Q: When are higher exposures mo re likely?
A: Conditions which increase risk of exposure include physical and mechanical processes (heating, pouring, spraying, spills and evaporation from large surface areas such as open containers), and "confined space" exposures (working inside vats, reactors, boilers, small rooms, etc.).

Q: Is the risk of getting sick higher for workers than for community residents?
A: Yes. Exposures in the community, except possibly in cases of fires or spills, are usually much lower than those found in the workplace. However, people in the community may be exposed to contaminated water as well as to chemicals in the air over long periods. This may be a problem for children or people who are already ill.

The following information is available from:
New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services

Occupational Health Service

PO Box 360
Trenton, NJ 08625-0360

(609)984-1863
(609)984-7407 (fax)
Web address: http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/odisweb/

Industrial Hygiene Information

Industrial hygienists are available to answer your questions regarding the control of chemical exposures using exhaust ventilation, special work practices, good housekeeping, good hygiene practices, and personal protective equipment including respirators. In addition, they can help to interpret the results of industrial hygiene survey data.

Medical Evaluation

If you think you are becoming sick because of exposure to chemicals at your workplace, you may call personnel at the Department of Health and Senior Services, Occupational Health Service, who can help you find the information you need.

Public Presentations

Presentations and educational programs on occupational health or the Right to Know Act can be organized for labor unions, trade associations and other groups.

Right to Know Information Resources

The Right to Know Infoline (609) 984-2202 can answer questions about the identity and potential health effects of chemicals, list of educational materials in occupational health, references used to prepare the Fact Sheets, preparation of the Right to Know Survey, education and training programs, labeling requirements, and general information regarding the Right to Know Act. Violations of the law should be reported to (609) 984-2202.

DEFINITION

  1. SACGIH is the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists. It recommends upper limits (called TLVs) forexposure to workplace chemicals.
  2. A carcinogen is a substance that causes cancer.
  3. The CAS number is assigned by the Chemical Abstracts Service to identify a specific chemical.
  4. A combustible substance is a solid, liquid or gas that will burn.
  5. A corrosive substance is a gas, liquid or solid that causes irreversible damage to human tissue or containers.
  6. DEP is the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
  7. DOT is the Department of Transportation, the federal agency that regulates the transportation of chemicals.
  8. EPA is the Environmental Protection Agency, the federalagency responsible for regulating environmental hazards.
  9. A fetus is an unborn human or animal.
  10. A flammable substance is a solid, liquid, vapor or gas that will ignite easily and burn rapidly.
  11. The flash point is the temperature at which a liquid or solid gives off vapor that can form a flammable mixture with air.
  12. HHAG is the Human Health Assessment Group of the federal EPA.
  13. IARC is the International Agency for Research on Cancer, a scientific group that classifies chemicals according to their cancer-causing potential.
  14. A miscible substance is a liquid or gas that will evenly dissolve in another.
  15. mg/m3 means milligrams of a chemical in a cubic meter of air. It is a measure of concentration (weight/volume).
  16. A mutagen is a substance that causes mutations.
  17. A mutation is a change in the genetic material in a body cell. Mutations can lead to birth defects, miscarriages, or cancer.
  18. NAERG is the North American Emergency Response Guidebook. It was jointly developed by Transport Canada, the United States Department of Transportation and the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation of Mexico. It is a guide for first responders to quickly identify the specific or generic hazards of material involved in a transportation incident, and to protect themselves and the general public during the initial response phase of the incident.
  19. NCI is the National Cancer Institute, a federal agency that determines the cancer-causing potential of chemicals.
  20. NFPA is the National Fire Protection Association. It classifies substances according to their fire and explosion hazard.
  21. NIOSH is the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. It tests equipment, evaluates and approves respirators, conducts studies of workplace hazards, and proposes standards to OSHA.
  22. NTP is the National Toxicology Program which tests chemicals and reviews evidence for cancer.
  23. OSHA is the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, which adopts and enforces health and safety standards.
  24. PEL is the Permissible Exposure Limit which is enforceable by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
  25. PIH is a DOT designation for chemicals which are Poison Inhalation Hazards.
  26. ppm means parts of a substance per million parts of air. It is a measure of concentration by volume in air.
  27. A reactive substance is a solid, liquid or gas that releases energy under certain conditions.
  28. A teratogen is a substance that causes birth defects by damaging the fetus.
  29. TLV is the Threshold Limit Value, the workplace exposure limit recommended by ACGIH.
  30. The vapor pressure is a measure of how readily a liquid or a solid mixes with air at its surface. A higher vapor pressure indicates a higher concentration of the substance in air and therefore increases the likelihood of breathing it in.

E M E R G E N C Y

Common Name: ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL

DOT Number: UN 1219 NAERG Code: 129 CAS Number: 67-63-0

Hazard rating

NJDHSS


NFPA

FLAMMABILITY

-


3

REACTIVITY

-


0

FLAMMABLE POISONOUS GASES ARE PRODUCED IN FIRE CONTAINERS MAY EXPLODE IN FIRE


Hazard Rating Key: 0=minimal; 1=slight; 2=moderate; 3=serious; 4=severe

FIRE HAZARDS

  1. Isopropyl Alcohol is a FLAMMABLE LIQUID.
  2. Use dry chemical, CO2, alcohol or polymer foam extinguishers, as water causes frothing and may not be effective in fighting fires.
  3. POISONOUS GASES ARE PRODUCED IN FIRE.
  4. CONTAINERS MAY EXPLODE IN FIRE.
  5. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool.
  6. Vapors may travel to a source of ignition and flash back.
  7. Vapor is heavier than air and may travel a distance to cause a fire or explosion far from the source.
  8. If employees are expected to fight fires, they must be trained and equipped as stated in OSHA 1910.156.

SPILLS AND EMERGENCIES

If Isopropyl Alcohol is spilled or leaked, take the following steps:

  1. Evacuate persons not wearing protective equipment from area of spill or leak until clean-up is complete.
  2. Remove all ignition sources.
  3. Absorb liquids in vermiculite, dry sand, earth, or a similar material and deposit in sealed containers.
  4. Ventilate and wash area after clean-up is complete.
  5. Keep Isopropyl Alcohol out of a confined space, such as a sewer, because of the possibility of an explosion, unless the sewer is designed to prevent the build-up of explosive concentrations.
  6. It may be necessary to contain and dispose of Isopropyl Alcohol as a HAZARDOUS WASTE. Contact your state Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) or your regional office of the federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for specific recommendations.
  7. If employees are required to clean-up spills, they must be properly trained and equipped. OSHA 1910.120(q) may be applicable.

I N F O R M A T I O N

FOR LARGE SPILLS AND FIRES immediately call your fire department. You can request emergency information from the following:

CHEMTREC: (800) 424-9300
NJDEP HOTLINE: 1-877-WARN-DEP


HANDLING AND STORAGE (See page 3)

FIRST AID

  • For POISON INFORMATION call 1-800-222-1222

Eye Contact

  • Immediately flush with large amounts of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids.

Skin Contact

  • Quickly remove contaminated clothing. Immediately wash contaminated skin with large amounts of soap and water.

Breathing

  1. Remove the person from exposure.
  2. Begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped.
  3. Transfer promptly to a medical facility.

PHYSICAL DATA

  • Vapor Pressure: 33 mm Hg at 68oF (20oC)Flash Point: 53oF (11.6oC)Water Solubility: Miscible

OTHER COMMONLY USED NAMES

Chemical Name:

  • 2-Propanol

Other Names:

  • Dimethylcarbinol; Isopropanol; sec-Propyl Alcohol

Not intended to be copied and sold for commercial purposes.

NEW JERSEY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND
SENIOR SERVICES

Right to Know Program

PO Box 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368
(609) 984-2202

2 Comments:

  • At 3:25 PM, Blogger Steven Yip said…

    Good work,

    So, with 90% of hazardous stuff, and they can still sell for such price?

    LOL.

     
  • At 3:36 PM, Blogger One Man's Perception said…

    Steven,
    A lot of stuff can be consider dangerous, such as gas tank.
    But Gas Tank were sold in an container that cost a lot to develped, in fact even nowadays the engineer also finding new was to make it safer. With all this work being done at the back, yet it still sells in a reasonable price.

    So, Why don't we look at the Lamps? The desigh is more to the art rather than improving the safety features. and the fuel, 90% are Isopropyl Alcohol which you might found in pharmacy as a rubbing alcohol (how much these Alcohol cost?

    It is the nature of the MLM that inflated the Prices, and people below the structure bare the cost. whereas the top-level uses the money that gathered to mislead more people getting supporting them. Indeed this is an vicious cycle. It has to be stop!

     

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